Rewolucja sztuki

Sebastião Salgado
Wtorek, 16 października, 2007, 1:39 pm
Filed under: Bez zbędnych słów, Bieda, Fotografia, Historia, Kobieta, Manifesty, Obrona życia, Sztuka

vietnamse boat people


[Since 1975 when South Vietnam came under Communist rule, some 800,000 people have fled their country by boat. Most of the ones who survived the perilous journey ended up in other Asian countries, some in permanent detention. Many children were born in prison and have lived all their lives there.]



Inside this prison there are thousands of children who have never seen a dog, a cow, a horse, or a garden. Hong Kong, 1995.



Many of those who have left South Vietnam since 1975 started from deserted beaches like this one. Vung Tau, Vietnam, 1995.



At the International Airport of Ho Chi Minh City, several families leave for the United States. Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, 1995.



At the entrance of the detention camp stands a copy of the Statue of Liberty, with the dove of freedom in one hand and flowers in the other, sculpted by a refugee. Galang Island, Indonesia, 1995.


el apocalipsis de ruanda



Kibumba Number One had 350,000 refugees, but grew even larger when the government of Zaire sent refugees from Goma and Munigi. Zaire, 199



With as many as 350,000 arriving at the refugee camp at Benako in just four days, the initial conditions were deplorable. Tanzania, 1994.



Mutilated Tutsis in an abandoned school in Nyarubuye, Rwanda, 1995



In the camp at Kibumba, thousands of Rwandan refugees die daily of cholera, dysentery, and starvation. French Army tractors pile the bodies up against mounds of volcanic lava and then cover them with earth. Death has become a management problem. Zaire, 1994.



At the village of Biaro, the Zairian Red Cross has been summoned by Kabila’s forces to bury the dead to avoid the spread of disease and to count the orphans (about 1,000). Zaire, 1997.


la devastacion de kabul


[When the Soviets abandoned Afghanistan in the late 1980s, Kabul was more or less intact. Today it has been emptied of most its population: each armed faction that has conquered part or all of the city has provoked an exodus. One of the only remaining industries is the manufacture of prosthetic limbs. ]



A few days after the Taliban seized Kabul, women were forbidden to show their faces. Kabul, Afghanistan, 1996.



A one-legged man, obviously a victim of war, struggles along the now-ruined Jade Maiwan Avenue. Kabul, Afghanistan, 1996.



These refugees from Kabul are Hazaras, the poorest of Afghanistan’s three ethnic groups. An elderly woman holds a portrait of her son, recently killed fighting the Taliban. Afghanistan, 1996.


las minas explosivas de angola


[Though one of the richest African countries, Angola has been in a state of war since the 1960s. Cities are crowded with displaced persons who have fled war zones: they camp out near railroad tracks, in movie theaters, schools or museums. Angola is thought to have one land mine per inhabitant.]



At the International Red Cross’s new orthopedic center in Kuito, a nurse fits a boy with a prosthesis to replace a leg blown off by a land mine. Angola, 1997.



During almost four decades of war, Angolan and foreign armies have laid about 10 to 12 million mines of some 67 different types. Angola, 1997.



This center is still unable to meet demand for prostheses, even though 50 percent of those who step on land mines (and 80 percent of children who do so) are instantly killed. Bomba Alta. Angola, 1997.


The Serra Pelada – gold mine – Brasil (1986).




Refugee from Gondan (esquerda). Gourma-Rharous (direita). Fotos do Mali (1985).




Children’s ward in the Korem refugee camp (esquerda). Lado direito: Refugees in the Korem camp (direita). Fotos da Etiópia (1984).




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